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The Comprehensive CBD Glossary

If you’re wondering “What is CBD??” – You’re probably not alone, and if that’s just one of the many CBD-related terms that’s got your wires crossed, don’t worry, we’ve compiled a comprehensive glossary of terms to make your CBD selection much easier.

2-AG


2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is a major endocannabinoid found in the body and is part of a group of molecules that are involved in multiple processes in the body such as immunity and inflammation. 2-AG works with the body’s endocannabinoid system receptors and can assist in regulating your appetite, immune system function, and pain management.

Anandamide


Anandamide is a major endocannabinoid that’s found in the body. Anandamide forms part of the endocannabinoid system in the body and affects certain mental functions such as cognition, learning, memory, mood, and certain motor functions as well.

Alcohol Extraction


An extraction method that immerses plant material in high-grade ethanol for a few minutes, the dark resin is removed by straining and the alcohol gets boiled away to get to a viscous substance once cooled.

Bioavailability


Bioavailability refers to the amount of a specific substance that is able to enter the bloodstream so that the body can make use of it.

Broad spectrum


This refers to a CBD product that is a combination of Full Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate, so it contains minor cannabinoids and terpenes, but it will not have a psychotropic effect causing a ‘high’ because it does not contain THC. The variety of cannabinoids may also deliver the “entourage effect”.

Cannabidiol (CBD)


An active ingredient in cannabis most often derived from the Hemp plant, and a non-psychotropic Phytocannabinoid that has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Unlike THC, it’s non-psychotoxic and will not make you “high”.

Cannabinoid


Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found both within the plant, phytocannabinoids, as well as within our body, endocannabinoids. These cannabinoids interact either directly or indirectly with various receptors within our bodies elucidating pharmacological effects and resulting in various health benefits.

There are also synthetic cannabinoids manufactured in laboratories.

CO2 extraction


An extraction process that requires temperature and pressure changes to bring about phase changes in carbon dioxide, the aim of which is to extract a high quality, clean oil from the plant that has a long shelf life.

Cannabis Oil


This is the oil derived from the cannabis plant. It’s a concentrated form of cannabis extract that still contains certain resins and terpenes, which include a certain amount of Cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids, and may contain high amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

CBD Capsules


Capsules are a convenient way to take CBD as it’s very easy to dose correctly, and you won’t have to count the amount of drops you take as in the case of CBD oils. It is also a suitable choice for those who do not want to swallow an Oil.

CBD Isolate


A purified form of extracted CBD that doesn’t contain any other cannabinoids such as in the case of broad or full-spectrum CBD. It’s ideal when all the added benefits of a broad or full spectrum variety isn’t needed or when in locations where THC is prohibited.

CBD Oil


A cannabis product derived from high-cannabidiol-containing hemp with a low level of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (legal CBD oils in South Africa are required to contain less than 0.001% of THC) – which means it’s non-psychoactive. It can help with appetite, sleep, mood, stress, hormonal balance and immune response.

CBD Sprays 


CBD sprays are very easy to administer and, because the CBD is sent directly to the lungs, where they are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and put into circulation, it is a fast acting method of administration which makes it a popular choice for many.

CBD Vape-Oil 


CBD vape oil is administered via a vaporiser, allowing you to use a vape oil of your choice. It’s possibly the least effective method of administering CBD.

Certificate of Analysis


A certificate of analysis is a document issued by a testing facility that verifies that a product is consistent with its product specifications. It usually contains the quality control test results of an individual batch of products.

Concentration


‘Concentration’ is the abundance of a constituent divided by the total volume of a mixture. With CBD concentrates, cannabidiol is extracted from hemp or cannabis, and then filtered to the desired level of concentration.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)


The Endocannabinoid System or the ECS is a neuromodulatory system that plays a vital part in the development of the central nervous system (CNS), synaptic plasticity, and the body’s response to external factors. It’s made up of cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids, and the enzymes that make them as well as break them down.

Entourage Effect


This is when the compounds in the cannabis plant work together to produce a better effect than when taken alone. This effect cannot be obtained with CBD isolate products containing only CBD.

Full Spectrum


This refers to CBD products that contain not just CBD, but also other components of the cannabis plant, such as terpenes, essential vitamins, fatty acids, protein, and also other cannabinoids such as THC. Currently, due to regulations, all CBD products may not contain more than 0.001% THC.

Hemp


A strain of the cannabis sativa plant, which is traditionally used for Industrial purposes such as paint, paper and to make fabrics. It forms part of the cannabis family, however, hemp that is used in CBD products are required to contain as little THC as possible. In the USA, Hemp plants are defined as having no more than 0.3% THC.

Hemp Oil


This is the oil that is extracted from the hemp plant, specifically the stalks and stems. The terms Hemp oil and CBD oil are often used interchangeably in the industry. The amount of CBD that’s present in Hemp oil products will help with finding the correct dosage.

Hemp Seed Oil


Hemp seed oil should not be confused with Hemp oil as they have completely different properties. Hemp seed oil as the name suggests is extracted from the seeds of the plant, contains no cannabidiol, and doesn’t have any of the health benefits of CBD. Hemp seed oil is most commonly used in skin care products and in cooking.

Industrial Hemp


Industrial hemp is grown for industrial use to create a broad range of products. CBD can also be derived from industrial hemp and will usually have low levels of THC, so industrial hemp differs from cannabis strains such as Marijuana.

Liposomal CBD


With this CBD delivery system, a liposome creates a protective covering that ensure the CBD is better absorbed and more highly bioavailable. This is considered a highly effective method of delivery.

Marijuana


The term Marijuana refers to the strain or cultivar of the Cannabis plant that contains more than the allowed minimum percentage of THC ( 0.3% ) and may be psychotoxic.

MCT Oil


Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT) oils are easily metabolised in the body. MCT oil does not get stored as fat or cholesterol and is often used to help reduce cholesterol levels and boost muscle mass. MCT, along with other oils such as Hemp seed oil, are often used as Carrier oils for the CBD Oil products.

Pure CBD Oil


In contrast to full-spectrum CBD, Pure CBD oil is made from CBD isolate and then infused in MCT oil or Hemp seed oil as a carrier. If your location does not allow for any THC, this is an ideal option. Being an oil, it can be used sublingually under the tongue where it can be held for 60 seconds or it can be swallowed immediately.

Phytocannabinoid


A cannabinoid that is made in the trichomes of a cannabis plant. When consumed, they may modulate our own endocannabinoids found in the human body. CBD and THC are just two of at least 144 phytocannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

Psychoactive 


A term describing a substance that has the ability to alter the perception or normal brain function of a person.

Sublingual


This refers to a product or medication that is administered under the tongue to allow for fast absorption into the bloodstream. 

Terpenes


Aromatic compounds that are found in the essential oils of plants. They also give plants their taste, scents, and can lead to certain health benefits.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)


One of the main cannabinoids found in cannabis that has the psychotropic effects of marijuana. It’s associated with the feeling of being “high” and can be considered mildly sedative to hallucinogenic depending on the dosage.

Tincture


The term tincture can be used to describe alcohol-based products, as well as oil-based products.

Topical


This refers to a product that can be applied directly to the skin with the purpose of addressing various symptoms or perhaps moisturising a specific area, and it can come in either an oil, lotion, gel, or cream form. It’s important to note that such products are not absorbed into the bloodstream.

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